HomeProductsAccountingGross Margin: Definition, Formulas, and Examples

Gross Margin: Definition, Formulas, and Examples

As someone who owns a business, you’re more likely to think about profit and loss. There are two things you need to keep in mind. Either profit or loss made will show how far the company can make money. There is a way to figure out how much profit you made, called gross margin. It is an excellent way to see how much money the company makes in the company income statement. Accounting software can help to robust features to manage your finance such as cash flow management, journal entries, and reconciliation. You should understand the Accounting software pricing scheme calculation first before implementing the software in your business.

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This financial indicator or metric is a way to see how well your company runs its business finances. Of course, it is very important to business leaders and business investors. When we’re making a business decision about how to create and sell one or more products, for example, we don’t subtract extra costs before we make the decision.

gross margin

Table of Contents

What is Gross Profit Margin?

Analysts use gross profit margin to figure out how well a company is doing financially. They determine how much money a company has left over after subtracting the cost of goods sold from its sales (COGS). The gross profit is sometimes called the gross margin ratio. It is often expressed as a percentage of sales.

As explained previously, the ratio gross profit margin is a measurement of a company’s efficiency in producing things and profiting.

The cost of goods sold is a line item on a company’s income statement that accounts for the direct costs of producing the company’s interests. Prices mainly related to a cost item, such as the product itself, a department, or a project, are included in this category. Direct expenses vary and change based on the amount of output. You may compute profit margin (gross) for all of the commodities that the firm makes, as long as the direct expenses of each product are distinct.

How to Calculate Gross Profit Margin

Do you understand the significance of gross profit in your business? As a result, it is a perfect moment to learn how to make the computations correctly. The two variables that make up the benchmark for computing gross profit are net sales and the cost of goods sold. Both values may see on the income statement of the firm.

Gross profit margin formula 

Gross Profit Margin = (Net Sales – Cost of Goods Sold / Net Sales) 

To figure out a company’s gross profit percentage, you first subtract the cost of goods sold (COGS) from the net sales (gross revenues minus returns, allowances, and discounts). To figure out the gross profit margin in percentage terms.

Also read: This is How to Calculate and Minimize Break Even Point (BEP)

What is The Role of Gross Profit Margin for Your Company?

gross margin
Source: mypmp.net

It’s easy to see that gross profit margin is one of the most important ways to measure how well a company manages its costs. This gross profit is a way to figure out how well a company makes money and makes more money. At the same time, the company’s future business steps in making and selling one or more products need to be better thought out before cutting costs.

For example, if the company’s GPM is high, you are in an excellent place to make a lot of money. If you start a business, the more GPM you have, the faster you will break even and, of course, the more profitable it will be. However, that does not mean that high margins are always good to pay for. Investors use it to figure out how efficient a company is, so it’s not surprising. There is a trick to this: You need to look at how well the company does.

1. Margin and cash flow

We shall enter the margin and cash flow after discussing the concept of gross profit margin. To create each product, businesses will often incur large inventory expenditures. When you sell a stock item for a high price, each unit becomes worth more than you paid for it. Knowledge of GPM and sales trends may help your company’s investment plan run more smoothly and efficiently.

2. Margin based pricing strategies

Gross profit often plays a significant role in how much money a company makes each month. Competitive market prices are used to set the price of most products. It means that you pay the same price as your competitors and profit. Reduced margins are a way to market your product to increase sales, which means that they offer the best price. This, of course, has a significant impact on the sales of your business. 

When competitors start to cut the price of their products, this can damage your company. This also applies when everyone starts cutting profit margins at the same time. So, you can try a different strategy by setting a higher price than the market so that you get more money. The campaign branding of a large company is often part of this method. You can use finance ERP software from HashMicro. 

gross margin

Examples of Application of Gross Profit Margin

You may use the company’s profit and loss statement as a guide for determining gross profit margin. Here’s an example: According to the most recent income statement, Company A had net sales of $75 million and a cost of goods sold of $68 million. As a result, the GPM (gross profit) is:

Gross Profit Margin

= US$ 75 million – US$ 68 million / US$ 75 million 

= 0.0933, or 9.33%.

As a result, it may state that Company A’s gross profit is 9.33 percent. This indicates that the cost of goods sold accounts for 90.67 percent of the company’s overall profit. To calculate the analysis, you’ll need to compare 9.33 percent to the prior year’s data from the firm or other companies in the industry.

Note: If the gross profit is much lower or more significant than in previous years, you should investigate why. Because it differs significantly from other businesses in the industry.

Also read: What is Revenue? Definition, Type, and How to Calculate It

Conclusion

You’ll need to undertake some crucial analyses for your company’s decision-making once you’ve learned the worth of the gross profit margin. Gross profit is a metric used by businesses to evaluate the effectiveness of their manufacturing activities. As a result, the remaining revenues are adequate to cover the company’s other operational expenditures and responsibilities. Margin, also known as gross profit margin, is calculated as several percentages of net sales.

gross margin

With a good gross profit margin, businesses can determine how well they manage their production and how profitable they are in general. Companies must also figure out and look at their GPM figures. Use HashMicro’s Best Accounting Systems to help with the finances and operations of your business if you have a hard time doing it on your own.

Software Pricing Scheme Calculation by HashMicro: Download Now!

 

Interest in getting savvy tips for improving your business efficiency?

Vania Marsha Kristiani
Vania Marsha Kristiani
A Junior Content Writer at HashMicro who Interested in Digital and Growth. Also a life-time learner who always strive to learn and grow.

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