Lihat Artikel Lainnya

Upgrade your business today and save up to 70% implementation costs with CTC funding support for HashMicro's ERP Get It Now!
HomeProductsAccounting4 Financial Reporting Components You Need to Know

4 Financial Reporting Components You Need to Know

Financial reporting is your main source of information to understand the financial health of your business. So, manual financial management is rarely done, companies have now switched to using accounting software. Healthy financial can guarantee your business will keep on growing in the future. Otherwise, you need to evaluate your business performance. In managing company finances, you need an accounting system from Hashmicro that can automate cash flow management, make financial reports, bank reconciliations, adjust journals, make invoices, and others.

Financial reporting is also a form of responsibility of the company owner or management to the investors, government, and many others. Using accounting software you will get financial statements in real-time so that you can monitor cash flow efficiently. Moreover, accounting software must be integrated with other software that displays data appropriately. That’s why your financial reports should be highly accurate. To achieve the highest accuracy, your financial reporting needs to have its main components. Here are four of them:


Table of Content

Income statement

The income statement is the most important component in your financial reporting. This component presents a detailed breakdown of your company’s profit (or loss) in a certain period. There are two subsections in the income statement.

The first is the one that shows the gross profit (or loss). To get this number, you can subtract the total income from the cost of goods sold. The cost of goods sold is the opening stock plus net purchases minus the closing stock.

The second subsection in the income statement is the net profit (or loss) of your company. The amount of net profit/loss can generate from subtracting the gross profit/loss from the operational costs, such as salaries, taxes, rents, and many others.

then, to make it easier for you to analyze and control procurement costs, you can use the Purchasing System so that costs can be more efficient.

Related article4 Types of Financial Statements Every Business Owner Should Know

Balance sheet

The balance sheet is the part of financial reporting that portrays the ability of your company to honor your debt and obligations compared to the company’s total assets.

You can start by recording non-current assets such as computers/laptops, machines, and office furniture. Thereafter, current assets also have to be recorded. Current assets such as inventory, accounts receivable, and cash.

Non-current liabilities such as debt financing and current liabilities such as trade payables and bank overdrafts also need to record. In essence, the balance sheet summarizes your company’s equity position in a certain period. 

download skema harga software erp
download skema harga software erp

Cash flows

The next component of financial reporting is cash flows. It summarizes your company’s inward and outward cash movements. We can generate the inflows and outflows of money from operations, investments, and financing activities.

Cash flows generated from operations focus on day-to-day activities in your company. Sales and inventory purchasing are categorized as the company’s operation. Investments related to the incomes and expenses generated from long-term programs of projects. While financing is the cash flow related to the sale of shares and distributions of dividends.

Furthermore, you can integrate with the CRM-Sales System to help track outstanding customer/client bills for smooth cash flow.

Changes in equity

The last component of financial reporting is the changes in equity. The component reports the amount and sources of equity changes. You can monitor and compare any changes during a certain period from the increase or decrease of the beginning balance to the ending balance.

This component initially reports the equity compositions which keeps changing from time to time.

Related articleYear-End Accounting Tips for Healthy Business Finances


Creating a financial report is not an easy job if you still do it manually. But, with the help of accounting software, the process can be done swiftly and easily.

Accounting software also minimalizes errors during data input or calculation. This advanced technology can help you create a better and more accurate financial report. Click here for a free demo!


Interest in getting savvy tips for improving your business efficiency?


Typically replies within an hour

Looking for a Free Demo?

Contact us via WhatsApp and let us know the software you are looking for.

Claim up to 50% Enterprise Development Grant for various HashMicro Software!


Active Now


Active Now