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      HomeProductsAccountingAmortization: Definition, Method, and Examples in Accounting

      Amortization: Definition, Method, and Examples in Accounting

      In accounting, assets are resources with economic value owned by individuals, companies, or countries with the hope that they will provide benefits in the future. However, the value of the purchased asset is not the same as when it was first purchased. This reduction in asset value is known as amortization.

      Next one, you can use a financial management system to optimize the company’s financial management and meet client needs to the maximum. In this article, we will discuss amortization in more detail.

      Key Takeaways

      • Amortization is the gradual reduction of the value of an asset over time, typically assets with finite useful lives or intangible assets.
      • Amortization methods in accounting include the straight-line method, which evenly allocates costs yearly, and the declining-balance method, adjusting expenses based on the remaining book value.
      • Amortization is a vital accounting activity for reducing the value of assets over time, especially for intangible assets like loans and credit cards. It’s essential for managing financial resources effectively.
      • HashMicro’s Accounting Software is recommended for enterprises to automate various financial management tasks, including cash flow management, financial reporting, bank reconciliation, invoice creation, etc. A free demo is available for evaluation before purchase.
      Click Here to Get the Free Demo!


      Table of Content:

        Amortization Meaning

        Amortization is an activity in accounting that gradually reduces the value of an asset with a finite useful life or other intangible assets through a periodic charge to revenue. Some examples that include amortized payments include monthly vehicle loan bills, mortgage loans, KPA loans, credit card loans, patent fees, etc.

        Amortization Methods

        Straight-line method

        This method is a type of amortization calculation by allocating the total cost amount is the same and constant every year until the end of the predetermined useful life.

        So the straight-line method of amortization is the same every year until the valuable life of the asset is exhausted. An example of a straight-line method is as follows. The calculation of amortization each year is:

        In 2020: 20% x $1200 = $240

        In 2021: 20% x $1200 = $240

        2022: 20% x $1200 = $240

        2023: 20% x $1200 = $240

        2024: 20% x $1200 = $240

        Declining-balance method

        The Declining-balance method calculates the declining value of expenses by applying an amortization rate on the remaining book value, and the remaining book value at the end of the useful life must be amortized at once. An example of the declining balance method is as follows. The calculation of amortization each year is:

        In 2020: 50% x $1200 = $600

        In 2021: 50% x $600 = $300

        2022: 50% x $300 = $150

        2023: 50% x $150 = $75

        2024: 50% x $75 = $37.5, etc.

        Difference between Amortization and Depreciation


        Besides amortization, accounting also recognizes the term depreciation to refer to the process of reducing the useful value of an asset. The difference between the two is: that amortized is a decrease in the value of an intangible asset, whereas depreciation is a decrease in the value of a tangible asset.

        Suppose amortization reflects the value of the company’s assets when the company wants to resell it. In that case, the depreciation function allows the company to generate and maintain income from these assets for a particular month. Therefore, both amortization and depreciation have a long-term impact on the value of the company’s assets.

        And then, to easily manage the company’s assets and measure the value of depreciating assets, you can use the asset management system. The system can also track asset information in detail and create asset value reports with relevant metrics making it easier for you to manage your company’s assets. 

        download skema harga software erp
        download skema harga software erp

        Examples of Amortization

        Here we provide examples of amortization in everyday life to make it easier to understand. Suppose Company S borrows funds of $10,000, with the installments, Company S must pay $1200 annually. Based on this case study, Company S has amortized loans worth $1200.

        The second example is when the company has a patent on a product or design for five years. Then to develop the style and design of the product, the company spent $500. Therefore, the company will record the amortized fee at $100 per year for five years of patent ownership.


        In conclusion, amortization is an activity in accounting that gradually reduces the value of an asset with a finite useful life or other intangible assets through a periodic charge to revenue. In contrast to depreciation, amortization accounts for intangible assets such as payday loans and credit cards.

        Want to calculate amortization expenses easily? Accounting Software from HashMicro is the solution! The best software for enterprises in Indonesia will help your business automate cash flow management, financial report generation, bank reconciliation, adjusting journals, invoice creation as well as others with a complete and integrated system.

        You can try the free demo before deciding to buy it.


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