HomeSoftware/BusinessDefinition of Multitasking, Pros and Cons, and How to Do it Properly

Definition of Multitasking, Pros and Cons, and How to Do it Properly

Multitasking is the act of doing multiple things at once. This method can be beneficial, but it can also be harmful if it is not done correctly.

Have you ever had numerous jobs with such tight deadlines that you couldn’t help but complete them all at the same time? Have you ever been in a situation where you couldn’t finish a task because you needed to focus on something more important? If you answered yes, you’ve already practiced multitasking.

We will look at the definition and examples of multitasking, its benefits and drawbacks, and how to do it properly.

What is the Meaning of Multitasking?

Madore and Wagner (2019) define multitasking as an attempt to do two or more tasks at the same time, which usually results in task switching or leaving one unfinished task to do another.

Multitasking has become a way of life. Everyone has probably done it at least once in their lives. Some examples of multitasking at school or work are taking notes while listening to a lecture, writing on the whiteboard while talking, or responding to an email during a meeting. There are also examples of multitasking that people do at home, such as reading a book while eating lunch, exercising while watching television, or cooking multiple meals at once.

The Benefits and Drawbacks of Multitasking

Like two sides of a coin, everything has both positive and negative aspects. While multitasking can make work easier at times, it also has the potential to reduce overall productivity.

Here are the benefits and drawbacks of multitasking that you should know.

1. Advantages of Multitasking

Researchers Melwani and Kapadia (2020) have discovered that multitaskers tend to be more creative and generate more ideas. According to these researchers, that creativity boost is supported by high levels of cognitive resource activation and cognitive flexibility.

Multitasking saves time. As an illustration, you want to do content research for your professional website. At the same time, you also want to do your weekly workout routine. So, you decide to watch some inspirational YouTube videos for research purposes while walking on a treadmill. Working out and watching videos could take two hours if done separately, but multitasking cuts that time in half.

You can also save money by multitasking. It would be a waste to hire a worker solely to perform one specific task. For example, an individual who has good multitasking skills can greet visitors at the front desk while answering customer calls or make social media posts while working on email marketing, all at the same time. As a result, it will lower the recruitment cost.

Furthermore, multitasking can improve one’s ability to function under pressure. People can learn to stay focused and do their jobs well, even amid a chaotic environment due to several things happening at once.

2. Disadvantages of Multitasking

When someone is multitasking, it’s easy to lose concentration. Being able to entirely focus on various things at once is hard. Suppose you’re working on a report and are interrupted by the sound of an email from a client. As a result, you get sidetracked and preoccupied with deciding how to respond to the email. It is also possible that you will forget important details or get discouraged from finishing the report.

Marty-Dugas et al. (2018) said that using a smartphone frequently may create more opportunities for attention to be divided, leading to more attention-related errors. It could also be the case that continuously using smartphones to multitask may erode one’s ability to sustain attention on a single task for extended periods. Work quality declines, goals aren’t met, and it would be a burden for the team.

In addition to affecting productivity, multitasking has health consequences. According to a study conducted at the University of London, participants who multitasked had a 15-point decline in IQ when performing cognitive tests. Researchers at the University of Sussex have found that those who multitask frequently have less brain density in the anterior cingulate cortex, which is crucial for empathy as well as emotional and cognitive control.

Multitasking can also be stressful. An individual may feel overwhelmed by their responsibilities which may lead to burnout.

How to Reduce the Negative Effects of Multitasking

Although it has bad repercussions, multitasking habit is ingrained in the home and work environment. It is impossible to stop multitasking because there are occasions when a person is required to do several activities at once. Therefore, we’ve compiled a list of ideas to help you reduce the detrimental impacts of multitasking.

1. Limit your workload to two things at a time

Overworking might cause worry and stress. Your brain will also be required to work harder, which may lead to decreased productivity. Therefore, set realistic goals that won’t put too much of a strain on you. Two tasks may appear too little, but they will be quickly accomplished if done efficiently. You can then proceed to the next two tasks.

2. Create a to-do list with deadlines

To-do lists and deadlines can give you a sense of accomplishment and boost your confidence. Furthermore, you will not overlook important details.

3. Create a priority scale

This helps you manage the time and energy required to complete the task. You can divide tasks into four categories: important-urgent, important-not-urgent, unimportant-urgent, and unimportant-not urgent.

4. Create a schedule

Divide tasks each day according to your ability so you can focus and finish them quickly. You can also estimate the number of tasks that you can accomplish and the time it will take to complete them.

Related article: Time Management Tips to Level Up Your Productivity

5. Combine similar tasks to work on at once

If you work on several tasks done in the same way with similar data, switching between them will be effortless.

6. Multitask at a steady pace and avoid distractions

Working in a hurry will yield less-than-ideal results. We recommend you to work quietly in a comfortable setting. If your job does not require the use of a cellphone, you can temporarily turn it off to avoid mental distractions.

7. Take a break

Working hard is necessary, but so is rest. If you begin to feel tired and unfocused, try stretching, lying down for a few minutes with your eyes closed, tidying your room, making coffee or tea, chatting with others, or walking around your workplace for a few minutes. However, keep an eye on the time and don’t forget to return to work.

Also read: 7 Tips to Increase Your Employee Productivity


Nowadays, people are no stranger to multitasking. While this method can save time and money, it can also be stressful and confusing. You should do it with a strategy to maintain the quality of your work.

Multitasking is a skill that project managers frequently use in the workplace. The managers are in charge of creating timeline, monitoring progress, and establishing budget plan. HashMicro’s project management software provides a communication platform that makes it easier to distribute tasks, complete projects, and utilize available resources. You can multitask easily with the help of our software.

Interest in getting savvy tips for improving your business efficiency?

Viandita Shaquina Arlan
A learner who is passionate about exploring new things and meeting new people. Currently working as Junior Content Writer at HashMicro.


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