Electrical wiring is one of the most common DIY (Do It Yourself) tasks around the house. However, improper wiring or using the wrong methods can be deadly. Therefore, it’s crucial to know your work and maintain all possible safety regulations.
Installing electrical outlets can be a daunting task, as professionals sometimes struggle too. Although there are some complex rules to install electrical wiring, the basics are simple & easy to follow.
First, you need to master the safety precautions & learn about the tools you will use. However, you should never attempt to do any electrical wiring unless you have a good idea of the overall situation & are well aware of the hazards involved.
The tips below will aid you in overcoming the fears of electrical wiring at your residence.
1. Calculate Required Power
The first issue to remember before touching any electrical wiring is to check the wire to prevent electric shocks. It’s vital to know the types of equipment installed in your house & how much power they consume.
One of the benefits of having a tiny house is that you know what is in the house. So, follow the basics to calculate the total power consumption of this equipment.
Most equipment will have watt levels on them. And, most houses run on 120 volt-circuits. So, do the math & you will understand how many amps will be required for a particular item.
Calculate each item in your house individually. It will help to design & plan well.
2. Check The Amp Rating
Before installing any equipment, it’s important to check the amp rating labeled on your equipment. You may wonder what these amp ratings mean.
Amp ratings indicate the safe level of current that can flow through this equipment.
For instance, the circuits at your house will have a 15/20 amps rating as it is the standard for all medium to tiny homes. For larger appliances, you may see 30/40/50 amp ratings. Again, you need to understand how much gauge wiring a particular amp circuit can bear.
A 20-amp circuit will require 12-gauge wiring. If you put 14 or 15-gauge wiring on a 20-amp circuit, it can’t take an excessive amount & eventually will create fire hazards. So, perfect amp ratings need to be maintained & followed. But if you have an accident then call in professionals like Bates Electric immediately.
3. Balance The Amperage & Circuit Carrier
Checking the proper amperage settings & balancing them with the circuit carrier is crucial to staying safe from fire hazards. That said while changing the switch, light, or other receptacles, these amp ratings need intense consideration.
Keep in mind not to overload the circuit carrier with plug-in devices. The opposite can happen & it’s normal. That means you can plug in fewer devices in the circuit carrier, but can’t do the opposite.
Receptacles are tricky to manage. These have T-shaped prongs that are unique in the circuit box. So, if your receptacles show a 20 amp rating, you can’t put a 15-amp circuit box. It will burst & hazardous outcomes will be inevitable. But you can place 15-amp receptacles in a 20-amp circuit box.
4. Ensure Tight Connections
One reason for fire hazards is loose connections between the wires. Electricity can flow smoothly when the switches/circuit boxes’ conductors or metal plates remain closely connected. Any alteration to that can be dangerous.
If the conductors or wires have a loose connection, chances are a rough transition will take place & speed bumps will happen. As a result, electricity flow will face restriction & accumulate friction & heat. When the friction & heat becomes high, fire results.
So, a tight connection between wires & conductors is vital. Also, while splicing wires, don’t forget to use a wire nut. Last, try to ensure secure screw terminals to prevent any loose connection.
5. Don’t Compromise On Polarization & Grounding
Grounding & polarization are two crucial factors that directly ensure your safety from any electrical or fire hazard. Grounding indicates a safe passage for stray electricity.
These unexpected electrical currents can occur because of faulty circuits or loose connections. Once they accumulate, it’s essential to discard them safely. Grounding ensures a safe path for these loose currents back to the ground.
Polarization means the safe return of the currents through neutral wires. Electricity flows from a source through hot wires & then finally comes back through the neutral ones. To ensure secure polarization, following the manufacturer’s manual is crucial. Don’t mix the wires with the improper connection.
6. Use Boxes & Clamps
The National Electrical Code (NEC) has made strict announcements about using clamps & boxes for wire management & placement. As per the rule, you need to make sure all connections are made in a safe enclosure or box. So, if someone accidentally touches the box it will not electrocute the person.
Even if the task is as simple as making a splice, use a junction box for safety. Never keep a spliced wire open or unprotected.
7. Have the Right Tools Ready
To install proper electrical wiring in your house, you will need a set of necessary tools. As those tools have no alternatives keep them ready whenever you are prepared to do any DIY electrical tasks.
A wire stripper plays many vital roles like a wire nut wrench, wire bender, wire stripper & measuring gauge. Twist-a-nut-screwdriver can do the job of screwing & provide wire-nuts benefits.
Diagonal cutters, reaming pliers, adjustable depth electrical boxes, push-in connectors, etc., are also vital.
8. Plan Thoroughly
To do complete electrical wiring in your tiny house, you will need patience & time. First, you need to make an electrical diagram of what you have in your home & their proper placements. After that, you will require drilling, installing circuit boxes, connecting wires, etc.
These rules mentioned here will help to safely wire your tiny home, and do any replacements if needed. Always plan before starting to work on the electrical wiring & replacements.