Are you familiar with the acquisition? The acquisition is very familiar among business companies. This is because acquisitions in business are common. A company can make acquisitions with other companies so that the business development growth rapidly increases. In addition, a company is making acquisitions to expand the market. This article will give insight for readers about acquisitions and types of acquisitions.
Table of Contents
- Acquisition Definition
- Acquisition Benefit
- Advantages of Acquisition
- Disadvantages of Acquisition
- Classifications of Acquisition
Talking about the acquisition definition. The experts have expressed their opinion that definition. M.A. Weinber said that acquisition is a transaction or a series of transactions whereby a person “individual, group of individuals, or company” acquires control over the assets of a company, either directly by becoming the owner of those assets, or indirectly by obtaining control of the management of the company.
Meanwhile, Charles A. Scharft said that acquisition is a transaction in which the buyer (company) obtains part or all of the assets or business of the seller (another company), or all or part of the shares or other securities of the seller, where the transaction is carried out based on agreement, between the buyer and the seller. But in general, acquisition can be defined as a condition where a company buys most or all of an entire company’s shares to take control.
Companies that make acquisitions will get some benefits. First, it can be an alternative to the company’s development plan in entering the foreign market. Companies can make acquisitions to companies that already operate in the host country and have a good record. Then the second benefit is to bring new technology. This is an opportunity for the company to increase profits. Third, it can be a company growth strategy. This becomes a solution for companies that experience logistical and resource procurement constraints. The last benefit of acquisitions is reducing the competition between companies.
Advantages of Acquisition
Acquisitions have various advantages. First, in shares acquisition does not require a shareholder vote as well as a shareholder meeting. This means that shareholders who are not suitable for the bidding firm can hold their shares and not be traded to the bidding firm. Furthermore, the buyer company that does the tenders offer does not need to seek approval from the company’s management. This is because the buyer’s company deals with the shareholders of the purchased company.
The next advantage is that the share acquisition can be used in a company takeover categorized as a hostile takeover. This is because there is no need for approval from the commissioner and company management. Last but not least, asset acquisitions require a shareholder vote but do not require a majority of shareholder votes, so it does not become an impediment to minority shareholders if they disapprove.
Disadvantages of Acquisition
Acquisitions have some disadvantages. First, a merger will occur when the buyer’s company takes over the entire company share. Second, asset acquisition is legally required to reverse the name on each asset purchased. Of course, this requires a high legality fee. Last, the acquisition will be canceled if the minority shareholders disagree with the takeover.
Classifications of Acquisition
There are two classification of acquisitions. The first classification is based on the object. Meanwhile, the second classification is based on the related types of business. Here is the explanation of each classification:
Based on acquisition object
Based on the object, there are three types of acquisition such as merger or consolidation, share, and asset. Here is the explanation of each type:
Merger and Consolidation
A merger can be defined as the process of merging two or more companies into one company. If doing the merger, then the results will use one of these companies’ names. Meanwhile, consolidation has almost the same definition as a merger but different in the use of the company name. The consolidation results will use the new name that represents all companies involved.
The meaning of this term is as a takeover activity of another company by buying shares of the company. The buyer’s company can buy it in cash or replace it with shares.
The meaning of this term is as the activity of a company in acquiring another company by the mechanism of buying assets from that company. It aims to avoid the company against minority shareholder ownership. Get maximum control of your assets with the Asset Management Software.
Based on the related types of business
In this classification, it is divide into three types. There are horizontal, vertical, conglomerate acquisitions. Here is an explanation of each type in this classification:
This term means an activity by a company in taking over another company with the same type of business. Companies can reduce the level of competition between competitors through these types.
The meaning of this term is the activities by a company in taking over another company that still exists in the same production chain. Companies can secure the supply of goods through this. So, the company will get the certainty of goods supply.
This term is an activity by a company in taking over another company that is not related to other companies, both vertical or horizontal. This acquisition aims to increase the portfolio of the group of companies and increase company growth.
Acquisitions are familiar among companies and businesses. A company, through acquisitions, can expand its market and reduce the level of company competition. Of course, the acquisitions that a company makes are based on consideration and also careful planning.
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